The Norwegian flag is red with an indigo blue Scandinavian cross outlined with white edges. The vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side – a Scandinavian cross represents Christianity.
History: The current Norwegian flag was designed in 1821 by Fredrik Meltzer, a member of parliament. Fredrik Meltzer put forward his design to Parliament on the 4th May 1821 along with a large number of other proposals. Meltzer was opposed with the colours of red and white as they resembled those of the Danish flag. He added that it would be inappropriate to choose the colours of “those states with which we have been or are connected to”. Instead he recommended red, white and blue, “three colours that now denote freedom, such as we have seen in the French flag of freedom, and still see in that of the Dutch and Americans, and in the Union of the English”. His final choice to add a Scandinavian cross was founded on the tradition of the other nordic countries such as Denmark and Sweden. A predominantly red flag had many adherents among those who were attached to the union with Denmark or to its flag, which for centuries had also been that of Norway. Others, who saw Denmark as an oppressor, favoured the blue colour associated with the new Swedish dynasty. Consequently, most of the other flag proposals on the agenda had either red or blue as the predominant colour, depending on the political preferences of the proposers. (Sources)